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Mums, Chrysanthemums, Guldaudi, Sevanti… Call it what you like but it is the first week of November and Guldaudi plants are in the process of budding. The Sevanti will bloom in a riot of colors, shapes & sizes within a month. That is when the Rajasthan University Nursery is planning its yearly Mum Exhibition.This year there will be about 4000 potted Guldaudi plants of about 215 different varieties. This 3 day exhibition concludes in a sale of these potted plants. This year the authorities are going to sell these pots of Guldaudi for 50 Rupees each to the Jaipur populace.
It is, holi- the festival of colors, today. Winter is gone. The trees are shedding dry leaves. The various colors and shapes of Guldaudi are just a pleasant memory now. So I decided to do a post on Chrysanthemums.
The word, Chrysanthemum, is a combination of two Greek words, ‘chrysos’ meaning gold and ‘anthos’ meaning flower. Its botanical name is Chrysanthemum sps. It belongs to the Compositae family and the flower originated in China & Japan. How ever some say it was brought to Japan by Buddhist monks in 400 AD. It can grow up to a height of 15 cms to 120 cms. It can be propagated through root suckers or terminal cuttings or air/ground layering. It flowers after rainy season and before the winter fully sets in.
There are more than 250 varieties of Sevanti available in India. They have been classified according to the shape & size of the flower the plant produces. They can be broadly classified as large flowered & small flowered. There are 11 large flowered varieties. Namely, Incurved, Incurving, Reflexed, Intermediate, Ball, Quilled, Spider, Spoon, Single,Double & Decorative.
Small flowered variety are Korean Single & double,Decorative, Anemone, Pompon, Cineraria or Charm, Button, Quilled, Semi- quilled, Spoon & Stellate.
Cultivating Chrysanthemum is an art and you have to start around July-August to get full grown plants in full bloom by September to January. It is a popular plant in India. Various horticulture departments in India cultivate them and hold exhibitions annually.
In Jaipur, the Nursery in the Rajasthan University holds a highly successful, yearly, exhibition & sale of Chrysanthemum plants in full bloom.
Australians traditionally gift their mothers Chrysanthemums every Mothers Day.
Sevanti is the sanskrit name for guladudi or mums or chrysanths.
A Chrysanthemums Show is organized each year in the month of December at the Terraced Garden (Sector 33) in Chandigarh.
Chrysanthemum flowers generally signify fidelity, joy,long life & optimism. However a red colored flower signifies love. White colored mum signifies truth and loyal love & yellow colored mum signifies a slighted love.
Living in Rajasthan one can miss having pretty flowers around you considering the water shortage and lack of space for gardens in the cities and the amount of work required for cultivating flowers for a short span of time. That is why the recent Guldaudi Show held in the Rajasthan University nursery was such a success, I suppose. After the show was over the chrysanthemum plants in full bloom were sold to the public. Instant gratification so to speak.
There are so few public places where you can see various species of flowers in full bloom. One solution is to buy some flower plants subject to the various constraints, under which we are all forced to live, from the local nursery for whatever garden space one has.
These are some of the nurseries of Jaipur.
Pushpawali, Raja Park, 2620704
Anand Nursery,Lal Kothi, 2743474
Jawa Farm, Jamdoli, 2680629
Khejari Nursery ,Queen’s Road, 3242377