Tag Archives: Akbar

Viratnagar

Beejak Ki Pahari,Viratnagar

Viratnagar is about 86 km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Shahpura-Alwar route. You have to turn for Viratnagar at Shahpura on Jaipur Delhi Highway.

But why Viratnagar? Who goes to Viratnagar? You might ask.

A little time invested in visiting the sights this town has to offer will pay rich dividends, you will see.

Viratnagar  has been a witness to a lot of history being made. According to the excavations done around this town people have been living here since the prehistoric times.

Accorading to the Mahabharat,King Virat founded the city Viratnagar, and the Pandavs spent thirteen years of ‘Agyatvas’(exile) here. This is the city which saw much wheeling & dealing to broker peace to avoid the great war of Mahabharat. Ancient travelers have mentioned their visits to the city. The river Banganga flows near by, a fair is held here every year.

Beejak Ki Pahari
Beejak Ki Pahari,Viratnagar

This serene site is in the lap of the Aravali mountain range. On a ridge under a rock shaped like a Cannon there is an ancient Hanuman temple.
Hanuman Temple, Beejak Ki Pahari,Viratnagar
And there are remains of a Budhist Monastry & a Budhist Stupa shrine from the Mauryan times. This site was found in work done in 1935-36. This is a protected site of ASI.
Budhist Ruins on The Beejak Ki Pahari,Viratnagar

In recent development work done here a cement shelter has been built at the foot of the hillock.

Ganesh Mandir and the Local Museum. The museum has some relics of great importance and antiquity from the Ashokan period.
Ganesh Temple above the museum,Viratnagar

Viratnagar

A stepwell on the way to Panch Malla Mahal badly in need of restoration.

A Stepwell,Viratnagar

Panch Mala Mahal. Raja Man Singh had this imposing structure made.  Emperor Akbar used to stay here on his way to the Ajmer shrine.

Panch Mala Mahal,Viratnagar

I think he has seen a lot of tourists pass by this palace.

Panch Mala Mahal,Viratnagar

The paintings on the domes of the chatries of the palace.

Fresco in the Panch Mala Mahal,Viratnagar

Shri Shri 1008 Digambar Jain Nasiyan.

Shri Shri 1008 Digambar Jain Nasiyan,Viratnagar

Shri Shri 1008 Digambar Jain Nasiyan, Mughal Gate,Viratnagar

Shri Shri 1008 Digambar Jain Nasiyan, Mughal Gate,Viratnagar

Maybe the ghost who walks was here! This is his mark.

The Phantom's Cave

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What Is A ‘Kos Minar’?

Mile Stones,Mile Pillars

The 'Kos Minar' at The Veer Tejaji Circle in Mansarovar,Jaipur

Kos Minars or Mile pillars  used to be the mile stones on the Mughal Highways or trade routes which  inter-connected the Mughal Empire . They were first made by Sher Shah Suri to mark the distance. A kos  measures 2 miles of distance. The distance between two Kos Minars was approximately 4 miles. They were more than 30 feet high round pillars of masonry. The design might have varied slightly but their function was the same. They were later on instrumental  in day to day governance of the Mughal Empire as they had horses and riders and drummers stationed there for relying royal messages at speed. They also developed as travelers hubs as step-wells & ‘sarais’ were built nearby. The routes on which these Kos Minars were built had been there for ages. Consequently they are near famous battlefields and monuments and ancient cities. Also modern highways have taken place of the ancient tracks used by Mughal horsemen. They were mostly built during 1556-1707 AD.

In 1575  Emperor Akbar issued an order, as stated in  Akabarnama by Abulfazal,  that Kos Minars should be built on the way from Agra to Ajmer to  act as guide posts  to travelers. Later on Jahangir & ShahJahan had these pillars built along the major routes connecting the Mughal Empire. One of these Kos Minars  still exists  in Mansarovar  near the Veer Tejaji  Road Circle in Jaipur.

There were about 3000 km of highways in the Mughal Empire. So there should have been about 1000 Kos Minars in the Mughal Empire. Their numbers have diminished over the years due to urbanization etc. Nowadays these monuments are protected by the Government of  India, coming under the purview of the ASI.

In February, 2005, a first day cover was issued depicting, a renovated, Kos Minar as a symbol for Heritage Conservation.

Kos Pillar,Mile Stone

Another view of the Kos Minar situated near the VT circle in Mansarovar in Jaipur.

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Bhangarh

About 80km from jaipur off Jaipur Agra Highway  are the ruins of Bhangarh.The town was  established in 1631 by Madho Singh ji younger brother of Raja Man Singh I who was a general of Emperor Akbar.Some people say that the towns blue prints were used to design Jaipur.

There is Someshwar Temple & Temple of Gopinath Ji.At the entrance of Bhangarh  is a  Temple of Hanuman Ji.The idol is about six feet tall.Every saturday and tuesday a large number of devotees throng the temple to offer their prayers.

According to folk lore the ruins are haunted by  a tantrik’s curse.

The tantrik fell in love with the princess of Bhangarh and cast a spell on a bowl of oil she was to use.The princess sensed the spell and cast one of her own which mortally wounds the tantrik who curses the city before dying.

And the curse comes true when the city fights with Ajabgarh.Nobody survives.The city turns into ruins overnight.Even today nobody stays in the ruins after sunset.Even Archaeologiacl Survey of India’s  office is situated 1 km away.If the locals build a house in the ruined city the roof of the house collapses.Only some temples and a water tank were spared.The ruins have been claimed by the monkeys and the bunyan trees.
Bhangarh

Karan’s Guesthouse